Many parents remember their childhood trips to the dentist with fear. The noise of the drill and the sharp pain-this was associated with the dental chair. Fortunately, dental treatment for children has moved far away from the old approach. Today, dentists are armed not only with modern equipment and the latest developments in anesthesia, but also with psychological techniques that allow you to establish contact with a small patient.
Why it is necessary to treat baby teeth for children
Pulpitis or tooth decay is a constant source of inflammation in the body. It leads to a decrease in immunity and the risk of getting more serious diseases on its background. If it hurts your child to chew, you may have digestive problems due to poorly chewed food.
The change of baby teeth to permanent ones occurs at the age of 6 years. The loss of a baby tooth by this age can lead to malocclusion and damage to the molar tooth with caries even at the stage of its formation.
Dental treatment for children should be carried out on time, without delaying visits to children's dentistry.
What is the difference between dental treatment for children and adults
Tooth decay occurs gradually. At the very beginning of caries, a dark spot is formed, then the enamel deteriorates. After that, the pulp and root suffer. In an adult, this process can take a long time. But the tissues of baby teeth are softer and break down faster. Even a month of delay in treatment can lead to serious consequences.
Children often do not experience pain until the later stages of the disease. Therefore, parents need to independently check the condition of the child's oral cavity. If a stain is found on the enamel, the best solution is to contact the children's dentistry of St. Petersburg.
How is the treatment performed
Treatment of baby teeth is often hindered by the restless behavior of children in the chair. At a young age, it is difficult to sit in one place for more than 15-20 minutes, and even more so to endure discomfort. In order to distract the child, they are shown cartoons during the entire procedure and sedation with painkillers is used.
In case of caries of baby teeth, the doctor removes the affected tissues, disinfects the surface and applies the appropriate filling. Treatment can be performed without anesthesia.
With pulpitis, the lesion spreads to the root of the tooth. Since the disease affects nerve endings, nitrous oxide sedation and anesthesia are usually used. Before giving the injection, the doctor sprays an anesthetic on the right place to reduce unpleasant sensations.
What to do to avoid dental treatment in children
Any disease is easier to prevent than cure. Tooth decay is no exception. Here are some tips for prevention::
- It is necessary to start cleaning the oral cavity with the appearance of the first tooth in the baby. If a small child refuses the classic brush, you can use a silicone one that is put on the mother's finger.
- Children under 5 can't always brush their teeth properly. It is better for parents to control the process and help if necessary.
- Teeth are cleaned by chewing solid food. Fresh vegetables and fruits should be regularly present in the diet.
- The use of sweets, high-carb foods and fruit juices should be kept to a minimum. These foods increase the growth of bacteria that can destroy tooth enamel.
Choosing a clinic for dental treatment for children
The choice of pediatric dentistry should be based on the technical equipment and on the ability of doctors to win over the child, not to frighten him, to inspire confidence in the dentist. Let the first visit take place an acquaintance with the doctor and no treatment is carried out. It is good if after visiting the dentist's office, the child will receive a small gift to strengthen the positive association.
Before the first trip to the dentist, you do not need to tell the child phrases: "don't worry", "don't be afraid". The kid does not associate the dentist with something terrible. This behavior of parents can only frighten.
Children who regularly undergo routine checkups do not experience fear before visiting the dentist and are less likely to have advanced caries. Visit dentists twice a year, starting at the age of 9 months.